Early Childhood Observatory

Learn the state of our children.

The Obsevatory is a virtually based Center in which key data on early childhood is collected, organized and managed in an even and coordinated way. It systematically and continuously displays information on relevant aspects of their state for observation, analysis and use in the development of research, public policy, planning and best practices in the service systems of Puerto Rico. The observatory aims to organize data on children, families, programs and human resources to better identify and coordinate their needs and different types of services.

Economy

Children have access to a safe and comfortable place to live, nutritious foods and opportunities for social recreation. Families, especially the most vulnerable ones, have access to decent employment opportunities, in order to achieve income security, transition to the workforce, alleviate poverty and facilitate growth and opportunities for themselves as well as their young children.

61.7%

Children under 5 years old below poverty level
[2010 - 2014]

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40.8%

Children under 6 years old living in extreme poverty
[2010 - 2014]

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59.3%

Children between 5 and 6 years old level below poverty level
[2010 - 2014]

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52.4%

Families with children under 5 years old below poverty level
[2010 - 2014]

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71.5%

Female householder with no husband present with children under 5 years old below poverty level
[2010 - 2014]

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32.3%

Married-couple families with children under 5 years old below poverty level
[2010 - 2014]

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59.4%

Children under 6 years old in married couples with both parents in the labor force
[2010 - 2014]

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81.0%

Children under 6 years old in male householder - no spouse- families with the father in the labor force
[2010 - 2014]

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51.5%

Children under 6 years old in female householder - no husband- families with the mother in the labor force
[2010 - 2014]

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26.4%

Non-American married couples with children under 5 years below the poverty level
[2010 - 2014]

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78.1%

Non-American female householder with children under 5 years below the poverty level
[2010 - 2014]

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Education

Education is the deliberate social process which facilitates and expands the ongoing development of human beings in their different individual, social, and historical dimensions, in order to fully develop their potential and their ability to live in harmony with their environment. This includes their beliefs, values, environmental awareness, culture, family relationships and their overall welfare and integral development.

41.7%

Children between 3 and 4 years that were not enrolled in school
[2010 - 2014]

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93.4%

Retention of Pre-Kindergarten students in the public education system
[2015 - 2016]

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96.2%

Retention of Kindergarten students in the public education system
[2015 - 2016]

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96.3%

Retention of first grade students in the public education system
[2015 - 2016]

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96.8%

Retention of second grade students in the public education system
[2015 - 2016]

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96.9%

Retention of third grade students in the public education system
[2015 - 2016]

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35.0%

Third grade students with pre- basic academic achievements in spanish
[2015 - 2016]

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65.0%

Third grade students with proficient academic achievements in spanish
[2015 - 2016]

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Family

Children have a support group that makes them feel safe, loved, appreciated and accepted. They perceive that this support group is interested in their present and in their future, provides for their basic needs, encourages their growth and integral development, and supports their interests and goals.

45.9%

Married couples with children under 6 years old
[2010 - 2014]

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39.6%

Female householder -no husband present- with children under 6 years old
[2010 - 2014]

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14.5%

Male householder -no spouse present- with children under 6 years old
[2010 - 2014]

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43.2%

Children under 6 years old living with grandparent householder
[2010 - 2014]

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14.9%

Grandchildren under 6 years old living and under the care of their grandparents
[2010 - 2014]

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Safe Birth and Health

This is the process that promotes and ensures the optimal development of an unborn baby based on the appropriate preconception, prenatal and perinatal care. It spans from pregnancy to delivery and includes the first month of life.

380,619

Children population between 0 and 8 years old
[2010 - 2014]

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174,875

Children population between 0 and 4 years old
[2015]

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89,507

Male population between 0 and 4 years old
[2015]

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85,368

Female population between 0 and 4 years old
[2015]

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200,412

Children population between 5 and 9 years old
[2015]

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102,622

Male population between 5 and 9 years old
[2015]

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97,790

Female population between 5 and 9 years old
[2015]

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34,493

Births in Puerto Rico
[2014]

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51.1%

Vaginal births
[2014]

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47.2%

Cesarean births
[2014]

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2,734

Induced births
[2014]

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11.8%

Premature babies
[2014]

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10.8%

Low birth weight
[2014]

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5.0

Neonatal Mortality(*1,000)
[2014]

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7.0

Infant mortality rate(*1,000)
[2014]

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283

Deaths in children under 8 years old
[2014]

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40.3%

Births in teenagers between 15 and 19 years old
[2014]

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80.5%

Women who gave birth and received prenatal care in their first trimester of pregnancy
[2012]

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14.5%

Women who gave birth and received prenatal care in their second trimester of pregnancy
[2012]

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702

Women who gave birth and received prenatal care in their third trimester of pregnancy
[2012]

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66

Women who gave birth and did not received prenatal care
[2012]

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35

Women who smoked during pregnancy
[2012]

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99.8%

Native children under 6 years old in Puerto Rico
[2010 - 2014]

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7,189

Children under 6 years old without health insuarance
[2010 - 2014]

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2,351

Children under 5 years old with a disability
[2010 - 2014]

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Safety

Safety covers protection guarantees and efforts to ensure that all children have the opportunities they need to reach their full physical, mental and emotional development, in order to achieve their best interest and welfare. This includes the prevention of mistreatment, neglect and abuse, both institutional as well as within the family and community.

1,382

Reported maltreatment children less than 3 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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1,490

Reported maltreatment in children between 3 and 5 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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1,467

Reported maltreatment in children between 6 and 8 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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977

Cases of maltreatment due to negligence reported in children between 0 and 2 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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841

Cases of maltreatment due to negligence reported in children between 3 and 5 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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785

Cases of maltreatment due to negligence reported in children between 6 and 8 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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21

Cases of maltreatment due to sexual abuse reported in children between 0 and 2 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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69

Cases of maltreatment due to sexual abuse reported in children between 3 and 5 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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58

Cases of maltreatment due to sexual abuse reported in children between 6 and 8 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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0

Cases of maltreatment due to exploitation reported in children between 0 and 2 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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0

Cases of maltreatment due to exploitation reported in children between 3 and 5 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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2

Cases of maltreatment due to exploitation reported in children between 6 and 8 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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221

Cases of maltreatment due to physical abuse reported in children between 0 and 2 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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425

Cases of maltreatment due to physical abuse reported in children between 3 and 5 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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482

Cases of maltreatment due to physical abuse reported in children between 6 and 8 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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544

Cases of maltreatment due to emotional abuse reported in children between 0 and 2 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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747

Cases of maltreatment due to emotional abuse reported in children between 3 and 5 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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709

Cases of maltreatment due to emotional abuse reported in children between 6 and 8 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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131

Multiple types of maltreatment cases reported in children between 0 and 2 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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155

Multiple types of maltreatment cases reported in children between 3 and 5 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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319

Multiple types of maltreatment cases reported in children between 6 and 8 years old
[2012 - 2013]

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