Early Childhood Observatory

Learn the state of our children.

The Obsevatory is a virtually based Center in which key data on early childhood is collected, organized and managed in an even and coordinated way. It systematically and continuously displays information on relevant aspects of their state for observation, analysis and use in the development of research, public policy, planning and best practices in the service systems of Puerto Rico. The observatory aims to organize data on children, families, programs and human resources to better identify and coordinate their needs and different types of services.

Economy

Children have access to a safe and comfortable place to live, nutritious foods and opportunities for social recreation. Families, especially the most vulnerable ones, have access to decent employment opportunities, in order to achieve income security, transition to the workforce, alleviate poverty and facilitate growth and opportunities for themselves as well as their young children.

63.3%

Children under 5 years old below poverty level
[2017]

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44.8%

Children under 6 years old living in extreme poverty
[2017]

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55.8%

Families with children under 5 years old below poverty level
[2017]

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28.4%

Married-couple families with children under 5 years old below poverty level
[2017]

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78.7%

Female householder with no husband present with children under 5 years old below poverty level
[2017]

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67.3%

Children under 6 years old in married couples with both parents in the labor force
[2017]

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78.0%

Children under 6 years old in male householder - no spouse- families with the father in the labor force
[2017]

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51.1%

Children under 6 years old in female householder - no husband- families with the mother in the labor force
[2017]

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Education

Education is the deliberate social process which facilitates and expands the ongoing development of human beings in their different individual, social, and historical dimensions, in order to fully develop their potential and their ability to live in harmony with their environment. This includes their beliefs, values, environmental awareness, culture, family relationships and their overall welfare and integral development.

40.8%

Children between 3 and 4 years that were not enrolled in school
[2017]

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86.9%

Retention of Kindergarten students in the public education system
[2017 - 2018]

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86.9%

Retention of first grade students in the public education system
[2017 - 2018]

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87.8%

Retention of second grade students in the public education system
[2017 - 2018]

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88.1%

Retention of third grade students in the public education system
[2017 - 2018]

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38.0%

Third grade students with pre- basic academic achievements in spanish
[2017 - 2018]

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62.0%

Third grade students with proficient academic achievements in spanish
[2017 - 2018]

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24.0%

Third grade students with pre- basic and basic academic achievements in mathematics
[2017 - 2018]

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76.0%

Third grade students with proficient and advanced academic achievements in mathematics
[2017 - 2018]

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42.0%

Third grade students with pre- basic and basic academic achievements in english as second language
[2017 - 2018]

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58.0%

Third grade students with proficient and advanced academic achievements in english as second language
[2017 - 2018]

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96.6%

Kindergarten students who were promoted to the next grade
[2017 - 2018]

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90.3%

First grade students who were promoted to the next grade
[2017 - 2018]

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95.7%

Second grade students who were promoted to the next grade
[2017 - 2018]

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96.5%

Third grade students who were promoted to the next grade
[2017 - 2018]

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Family

Children have a support group that makes them feel safe, loved, appreciated and accepted. They perceive that this support group is interested in their present and in their future, provides for their basic needs, encourages their growth and integral development, and supports their interests and goals.

42.0%

Married couples with children under 6 years old
[2017]

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42.3%

Female householder -no husband present- with children under 6 years old
[2017]

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15.6%

Male householder -no spouse present- with children under 6 years old
[2017]

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33.5%

Children under 6 years old living with grandparent householder
[2017]

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30.3%

Grandchildren under 6 years old living and under the care of their grandparents
[2017]

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112,619

Families with children between 0 and 8 years old receiving food stamps
[2018]

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3,457

Families with children between 0 and 8 years old receiving TANF
[2018]

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Safe Birth and Health

This is the process that promotes and ensures the optimal development of an unborn baby based on the appropriate preconception, prenatal and perinatal care. It spans from pregnancy to delivery and includes the first month of life.

283,739

Children population between 0 and 8 years old
[2017]

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147,970

Children population between 0 and 4 years old
[2017]

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75,791

Male population between 0 and 4 years old
[2017]

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72,179

Female population between 0 and 4 years old
[2017]

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177,739

Children population between 5 and 9 years old
[2017]

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90,227

Male population between 5 and 9 years old
[2017]

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87,512

Female population between 5 and 9 years old
[2017]

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24,388

Births in Puerto Rico
[2017]

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12,990

Vaginal births
[2017]

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11,398

Cesarean births
[2017]

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2,445

Induced births
[2017]

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11.5%

Premature babies
[2016]

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10.6%

Low birth weight
[2017]

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5.3

Neonatal Mortality(*1,000)
[2016]

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7.8

Infant mortality rate(*1,000)
[2016]

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278

Deaths in children under 8 years old
[2016]

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24.3%

Births in teenagers between 15 and 19 years old
[2017]

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83.2%

Women who gave birth and received prenatal care in their first trimester of pregnancy
[2016]

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12.9%

Women who gave birth and received prenatal care in their second trimester of pregnancy
[2016]

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2.1%

Women who gave birth and received prenatal care in their third trimester of pregnancy
[2016]

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0.5

Women who gave birth and did not received prenatal care
[2016]

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52

Women who smoked during pregnancy
[2017]

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1.0%

Native children under 6 years old in Puerto Rico
[2017]

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4,900

Children under 6 years old without health insuarance
[2017]

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1,362

Children under 5 years old with a disability
[2017]

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32

Children between 0 and 8 years old with a diagnostic of poisoning
[2017]

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480,272

Children between 0 and 8 years old who received dental care
[2017]

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14,605

Children between 0 and 8 years old with behavioral and emotional conditions diagnosis
[2017]

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Safety

Safety covers protection guarantees and efforts to ensure that all children have the opportunities they need to reach their full physical, mental and emotional development, in order to achieve their best interest and welfare. This includes the prevention of mistreatment, neglect and abuse, both institutional as well as within the family and community.

796

Reported maltreatment children less than 3 years old
[2017]

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843

Reported maltreatment in children between 3 and 5 years old
[2017]

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889

Reported maltreatment in children between 6 and 8 years old
[2017]

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468

Cases of maltreatment due to negligence reported in children between 0 and 2 years old
[2017]

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369

Cases of maltreatment due to negligence reported in children between 3 and 5 years old
[2017]

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351

Cases of maltreatment due to negligence reported in children between 6 and 8 years old
[2017]

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3

Cases of maltreatment due to sexual abuse reported in children between 0 and 2 years old
[2017]

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9

Cases of maltreatment due to sexual abuse reported in children between 3 and 5 years old
[2017]

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15

Cases of maltreatment due to sexual abuse reported in children between 6 and 8 years old
[2017]

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80

Cases of maltreatment due to physical abuse reported in children between 0 and 2 years old
[2017]

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195

Cases of maltreatment due to physical abuse reported in children between 3 and 5 years old
[2017]

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15

Cases of maltreatment due to physical abuse reported in children between 6 and 8 years old
[2017]

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293

Cases of maltreatment due to emotional abuse reported in children between 0 and 2 years old
[2017]

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393

Cases of maltreatment due to emotional abuse reported in children between 3 and 5 years old
[2017]

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402

Cases of maltreatment due to emotional abuse reported in children between 6 and 8 years old
[2017]

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225

Multiple types of maltreatment cases reported in children between 0 and 2 years old
[2017]

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292

Multiple types of maltreatment cases reported in children between 3 and 5 years old
[2017]

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338

Multiple types of maltreatment cases reported in children between 6 and 8 years old
[2017]

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